Facing the south China sea in the southernmost of China's continent, Guangdong Province constitutes the region through which South China's trade is primarily channeled. It is the province with the longest coastline in China. It has an area of 177,600 square kilometers with a population of more than 110 million. Guangdong is China's richest province and its GDP in 2009 reached CNY3,908,159 million, or US$572,121 million.
Location and Climate
It is bordered by the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region to the west, and by the provinces of Hunan and Jiangxi to the north, and Fujian Province to the northeast, and by Hainan Province and the South China Sea to the south. Hong Kong and Macao are on the coast of Guangdong.
Guangdong features tropical and sub-tropical climates. The average July temperature is little different from temperature on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and on the Yellow River, but the average January temperature is considerably higher, ranging from 13°to 16°C.
Getting in and out of the city is convenient because of the well-planned transportation system. If you want to come by water, there are a series of international and domestic sea routes in ports of Guangzhou, Zhuhai and Shantou.
If you plan to arrive by air, Baiyun International Airport and other airports will offer excellent service. Of course, arriving in Guangdong by land is another option, while trains or long-distance buses are yet another alternative.
Guangdong was originally occupied by non-Han ethnic groups, and was first incorporated into the Chinese Empire in 222 BC. In 111 BC Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty extended rule as far as to Hainan Island. During the five centuries of the Sui, Tang, and Northern Song dynasties from AD 581 to 1126, the military and agricultural settlement of Guangdong, coupled with increasing overseas trade through Guangzhou port. Two major southward thrust of the Han Chinese took place, one in 1126, when Jurchens captured the Song capital, the other in 1279, when Mongols subdued Song dynasty. These migrations marked the beginning of the rapid cultural development of Guangdong. The population grew so fast that by the late 17 century, Guangdong had already become an area from which emigration took place. Migrants from Guangdong moved first to Guangxi, Sichuan and Taiwan and then in mid-19th century began to pour into Southeast Asia and North America.
Culture and Tourism
This region is associated with Cantonese cuisine. Cantonese opera is a form of Chinese opera popular in Cantonese speaking areas. Related Yue dialects are spoken in most of the western half of the province. The Hakka people live in large areas of Guangdong, including Huizhou, Meizhou, Shenzhen, Heyuan, Shaoguan and other areas. Much of the Eastern part of Guangdong is populated by the Hakka people except for the Chaozhou and Hailufeng area. Hakka culture include Hakka cuisine, Han opera, Hakka Hanyue and sixian (traditional instrumental music) and Hakka folk songs.
Notable attractions include Danxia Mountain, Yuexiu Hill in Guangzhou, Star Lake and the Seven Star Crags, Dinghu Mountain, and the Zhongshan Sun Wen Memorial Park for Sun Yat-sen in Zhongshan.
Universities in Guangdong
Sun Yat-sen University
Guangdong University of Foreign Studies
South China Normal University
Guangdong University of Technology
Monash College China Programs
SouthChina University of Technology
Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University
Guangdong University of Business Studies
Guangdong Education Institute
Guangdong Baiyun University
Guangdong Lingnan institute of Technology
Guangdong Technical College of Water Resources and Electric Engineering
Guangdong Industry Technical College
Guangdong Radio &TV University
Guangzhou Maritime College
Guangdong Vocational College of Posts and Telecom
Guangdong University of Finance
Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering
Guangdong Women’s Polytechnic College
South China Agricultural University
Guangdong Police College
Guangdong Peizheng College
Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine
Southern Medical University
Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts
Xinhai Conservatory of Music
Chinese Educational Base of Guangdong Province