Tianshui, a famous city for its long history and rich culture, is one of places where the Chinese national civilization started. Tianshui is also the birthplace of Fuxi and Nüwa who were the ancestors of Chinese according to the legend tells. The research center of global Fuxi culture is in Tianshui and one of big events is the annual public memorial service held on May 13th in lunar calendar, which attracts thousands of Chinese from home and abroad to come here to worship.
Tianshui has thousands years of history. The discovery of primitive relics in Dadiwan has proved that that Chinese ancestor had lived and bred there 8000 years ago.
This ancient city is also the cradle of the first Chinese feudal empire. 221 BC, the King of Qin Kingdom developed his power and led his troops conquered the other six kingdoms and then united ancient China eventually. He was called the first emperor of Qin Dynasty. Tianshui is regarded as the fountainhead of Qin Culture, so Tianshui is called " Qin Zhou"(Zhou ---state).
Tianshui has numerous history heritages. Maiji grotto is one of the four greatest grottoes of China and is reputed as oriental sculpture museum. Through the test of years, it preserves various styles statues in different dynasties after Buddhism came into China. More than 7000 exquisite clay statues, sculptures and over 1000 sqm vivid frescos still can be found in the grotto, which is reputed as the eighth wonder of the world.
During Three kingdoms period (230-260 A.D), Tianshui was under jurisdiction of Wei Kingdom but it was also contiguous to Shu Kingdom. So a lots of historical relics left in Tianshui such as the ancient battlefields "Jieting" the castle of Qi Mountain, the tomb of Jiang wei --- one of marshal of three kingdoms and the corridor of wood gate.
Endowed with mild climate and distinguished seasons, as well as convenient transportation system and lower life expenses, Tianshui is regarded as one of ideal places for human to live in.