There are 400,000 artifacts in the museum various collections, some of which are very precious to China history such as the set of jade suit sewed with silver thread. Some of the amazing artifacts come from the excavation of Chu State tomb from the Warring States period of Chinese history.
One of the highlights of the museum would be the calligraphy and painting collections. Out of about 100,000 pieces of work in these collections, most are from the Jiangsu area during the Ming and Qing dynasties such as 'Wu Men painting school', 'Yangzhou painting school', and 'Jinling painting school'. Most of the works of the modem Chinese painter Fu Baoshi (1904-1965, painter, art historian) and Chen Zhifo (1896-1962, modern arts educator) are displayed here.
The Nanjing Museum also holds the objects excavated during the early part of the twentieth century. These include excavations in Heilongjiang, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Sichuan, Gansu and other places. Collections also include artifacts from the southwest parts of China of the