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Lingjing Paleolithic Site, Xuchang Henan Province








A series of archaeological excavations were carried out by the Cultural Relics and Archaeology Research Institute of Henan Province from 2005 to 2006 at the Lingjing Paleolithic Site.

The site is located at the western of Linjing town of Xuchang city, Henan Province and covers an area of 259 square meters. Its geographic coordinates are 34o04′N, 113o41′E, 117 m above sea level. The excavation area is 300 m2. About eight thousands stone artifacts and ten thousands of animal fossils were unearthed.

The sediments at the site can be divided from the top to bottom into 11 layers. A few stone artifacts and animal fossils were unearthed from layer 7, but a large quantity of artifacts and fossils were unearthed from layer 10 (Li, 2007).

Since 2005, 30,000 animal fossils, stone and bone artifacts have been unearthed. The fossil include 16 pieces of the skull with protruding eyebrows and a small forehead. More astonishing than the completeness of the skull is that it still has a fossilized membrane on the inside, so scientists can track the nerves of Palaeolithic ancestors.