Area: 19,637 square kilometers (7,582 square miles)
Nationalities: Han, Yi
Administrative Division: 1 district (Longyang); 4 counties (Shidian, Tengchong, Longling, Changning)
Seat of the city government: No.26, Tongren Street, Longyang District, Baoshan City
Useful Telephone Numbers: Tourist Complaints: 0875-96927, 2122583
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China Baoshan Branch: No.2, Baoyou Road (East), Longyang District, Baoshan City
China Post Baoshan Branch: No.21, Xiaxiang Street, Longyang District, Baoshan City
Location: Boshan City is situated in the southwest of Yunnan Province, bordered by Burma in the south and northwest. Within the province, it neighbors Lincang Region in the east, Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture in the northeast and Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture in the southwest. Baoshan is nearly 500 kilometers (310 miles) from Kunming.
History: Baoshan was called Yongchang in ancient times. Historically, it was the first residence for human settlers in western Yunnan. During the middle period of the Warring States Period (476BC-221BC), it was the center of ancient Ailao Kingdom. As the Ailao Kingdom turned to decline, Yongchang Shire, the origin of Baoshan City was established in the year of 69 of the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220) as the second largest shire in the country. It was during the Tang (618-907) and Song (960-1279) dynasties that it successively belonged to two ethnic regimes, Nanzhao State and Dali State. The name of Baoshan was first used in 1524.
Physical Features: Baishan lies in the south end of the Hengduan Mountains with more than ninety percent of its territory occupied by medium mountain and quasi-mountain areas. Another over seven percent is plateau plains and basins.
Climatic Features: Due to the complex topography at low altitude in plateau, subtropical, temperate and plateau climatic types coexist in Baoshan. Its weather is moderate throughout the year, but the temperature varies greatly during a day. The annual average temperature falls between 14 and 17 degree centigrade (57.2-62.6 degree Fahrenheit).
When to Go: It is fine to visit Baoshan during the whole year.
Special Local Products: jade article, rattan weaving product, Chinese Xuan Paper (for painting and calligraphy) of Tengchong County; Weiqi (the game of go) chessmans of Yongchang County, Arabica coffee bean
Tengchong Hot Sea (Rehai) refers to a group of geothermal springs, the most spectacular geothermal landscape 20 kilometers (12 miles) from Tengchong County. Tengchong is China's famous geothermal scenic area hides abundant terrestrial heat. This grand spring group covers an area of 9 kilometers (5.6 miles). It was said that there are 14 springs among the total 80 springs has their temperature above 90 degree centigrade (194 degree Fahrenheit). The Hot Sea is not only a marvelous spectacle but also benefit for health. Nowadays, these geothermal resources are well utilized by sanatoriums and thermaes.
Tengchong Cluster of Volcanoes: There could be as many as 70 volcanoes within 100 kilometers (62 miles) of Tengchong County, and Tengchong is just located on lavas. Around Mazhan Village about 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) northwest of Tengchong, volcanoes are densely distributed. Volcano Park has been established here.
Wofo Temple (Reclining Buddha Temple) at the foot of Yunyang Mountain 16 kilometers (10 miles) north of Baoshan city proper has the biggest jade Buddha in China. The temple was first built in 716 of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The main hall of the temple was built on the basis of a natural stone cave, and the 6 meters (20 feet) long jade Buddha together with many other sculptures area stored in the hall.
Other Scenic Spots: Dieshuihe Waterfall, Heshun Township