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Top 10 Airports on Chinese Mainland

Airports are increasingly becoming important hubs for domestic travels in China, not to mention their role as gateways to the rest of the world. The following are the top 10 airports on the Chinese mainland based on annual passenger traffic.

NO.10 Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport (重庆江北国际机场)

Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport

Located 21 kilometers northeast to Chongqing City, Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport is one of the three aviation hubs in China's southwestern region. It is notable for being the first airport in western China to open direct flights to Europe.

Since it started operations in 1990, the airport has established cooperative relations with 32 airlines, and connects to 80 domestic and foreign cities with more than 130 routes. It is now one of the 100 best airports in the world. Its annual passenger traffic has increased by 12.6 percent from 14.04 million in 2009 to 15.8 million in 2010.

NO.9 Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport (杭州萧山国际机场)

Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport

Located 27 kilometers east of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport is Zhejiang's largest and busiest airport. It has been classified as a national trunk line airport and Grade A international airport by the Civil Aviation Administration of China.

The construction of the airport started in 1997, and was completed in 2000. It has cooperation with 36 airlines, and serves 160 routes which connect 106 domestic and international cities. Its annual passenger traffic increased by 14.2 percent from 14.94 million in 2009 to 17.07 million in 2010. The airport now plans to build a new runway and two new terminals by 2015.

NO.8 Xi'an Xianyang International Airport (西安咸阳国际机场)

Xi'an Xianyang International Airport

Xi'an Xianyang International Airport is located northeast of Xianyang city, 47 kilometers away from Xi'an, Shaanxi Province. It is the largest airport in China's northwestern region, and one of the country's most important air hubs.

Currently, the airport has established cooperative relations with 20 airlines, and connects to 77 domestic and international cities with 165 routes. In 2010, the airport handled 18.01 million passengers, a 17.8 percent rise from 15.29 million in 2009, making it the busiest airport in northwest China and the 8th busiest on the Chinese mainland. It was also the 14th busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic. The airport has just finished a major expansion with a new terminal and a second runway added.


NO.7 Kunming Wujiaba International Airport (昆明巫家坝国际机场)

Kunming Wujiaba International Airport

Located in southeast Kunming, Yunnan Province, Kunming Wujiaba International Airport is only three kilometers away from the city center, the nearest to town among all civil airports in China. Since it was built in 1923, the airport has gone through a few renovations and has become one of the busiest international aviation hubs in the country and a gateway to China for many Southeast Asian countries.

Kunming airport's annual passenger traffic is also on the rise, increasing 6.6 percent from 18.94 million in 2009 to 20.19 million in 2010, making it the 7th busiest airport on the Chinese mainland. It is also the 7th busiest and 8th busiest airport in the country in terms of cargo traffic and volume, respectively.

Due to the fast expansion of the Kunming urban area and limited land availability, the local government and airport authority plan to move operations to a new airport, Kunming Changshui International Airport, which is currently under construction.

NO.6 Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport (成都双流国际机场)

Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport

Originally built in 1938 with the name of Shuangguisi Airport, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport is located in the southwest suburban area of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, 16 kilometers away from the city center. It is the largest aviation hub and distribution center in central and western China, covering an area of 933.33 hectares.

The airport currently serves 119 domestic routes and 16 direct international routes. Its annual passenger traffic increased by 14 percent from 22.64 million in 2009 to 25.81 million in 2010, ranking the 6th busiest on the Chinese mainland and 51st in the world.


NO.5 Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport (深圳宝安国际机场)

Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport

Located on a coastal plain of the east bank of Pearl River Estuary, Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport is 32 km away from Shenzhen city. Covering an area of 11 square kilometers, it is a modern international airport which also handles air, sea, and land cargo.

Since it was built in 1991, the airport has opened over 144 domestic and international routes, reaching over 100 cities in total. Annual passenger traffic increased by 9.1 percent from 24.49 million in 2009 to 26.71 million in 2010. Annual cargo throughput increased 33.6 percent to 808,800 tons in 2010. In March 2011, the airport received the title of the "Best Cargo Airport of the Year" by the world air cargo magazine "Air Cargo News".

NO.4 Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport (上海虹桥国际机场)

Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport

Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport is located near the town of Hongqiao in Changning District, 13 kilometers west of downtown Shanghai, and is closer to the city center than Pudong Airport, Shanghai's main international airport.

The airport was initially built in 1907 as a small military airfield. It was later reconstructed and expanded for civilian aviation. It served as Shanghai's primary airport until the completion of Pudong International Airport in 1999, when many international flights were shifted to Pudong. The airport was rated the most improved airport in the world by Skytrax in 2011.

The airport now connects Shanghai with 89 Chinese cities and 63 overseas cities. In 2010, Hongqiao Airport handled 31.30 million passengers, a growth of 24.8 percent over 2009, making it the 4th busiest airport on the Chinese mainland and the 41st busiest in the world.


NO.3 Shanghai Pudong International Airport (上海浦东国际机场)

Shanghai Pudong International Airport

Shanghai Pudong International Airport is located at the coastal plain of the Pudong New Area, about 30 kilometers away from Shanghai city center, covering an area of 40,000 hectares. The first phase of the airport construction project was completed in September 1999, and the airport was further expanded in 2008 prior to the Beijing Olympic Games. Shanghai became the first city on the Chinese mainland to have five runways for civilian aircraft (Shanghai Pudong airport and Shanghai-Hongqiao airport both included).

The airport connects the city with 62 Chinese cities and over 90 foreign cities through cooperation with 48 domestic and foreign airlines. From 2009 to 2010, passenger traffic increased 27.1 percent from 31.92 million to 40.58 million passengers, slightly less than that of Guangzhou Baiyun Aiport.

NO.2 Guangzhou Baiyun Airport (广州白云机场)

Guangzhou Baiyun Airport

Built in early 1930s, Guangzhou Baiyun Airport in Guangzhou, capital of Guangdong Province covers an area of 31,000 hectares. As one of the country's three major aviation hubs, the airport is a hub for China Southern Airlines and Shenzhen Airlines.

In addition to its role as a major passenger hub, Guangzhou Baiyun Airport also serves as a major logistics center for South China and Southeast Asia. It hosts 33 airlines, which travel 110 routes per day connecting Guangzhou with over 100 cities in the world. Annual passenger traffic increased by 10.6 percent from 37.05 million in 2009 to 40.98 million in 2010.

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